Types of CA

There are mainly two types of Communication Anxiety: situational anxiety and trait anxiety.

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Situational anxiety refers to the specific factors within a situation which cause anxiety. For example, it could occur when you’re speaking before a new audience or interviewing for a position. If we perceive this kind of fear strictly as “fear,” it only worsens the situation. Although it may be difficult at first, we need to perceive this kind of anxiety as normal excitement that is necessary for dynamic communication.

Trait anxiety is the internal anxiety an individual brings to the speaking situation, also known as Communication Apprehension. For example, it could be the feelings of inadequacy within a group or the fear of looking foolish before others. It occurs because you may think that you are different from other speakers, have history of negative speaking experiences (whether they be fictional or authentic), and consider your status subordinate to others.

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